Sunburn and Dehydration

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Sunburn and Dehydration

Post  forumtester on Sat Mar 24, 2018 9:59 pm

It is important that you protect yourself from the sun’s harmful rays if you spend several hours outside in the sun. Particularly when at the beach or at an outdoor pool area you should ideally use a good strength sun cream and wear a hat to prevent sunburn and subsequent dehydration.

Sunburn is skin damage caused by ultraviolet (UV) rays in sunlight. Your skin overheats and becomes red and painful and may later peel or blister. Don’t go back into the sun until the sunburn has healed. Drink plenty of fluids to replace the water lost through sweating in the sun and to cool down. Apply calamine or after-sun lotion. For adults, painkillers such as paracetamol or ibuprofen can help relieve pain and reduce swelling.

Heat exhaustion occurs when the body is unable to control its temperature due to overheating. Symptoms include headaches, dizziness, nausea and vomiting, muscle weakness or cramps, tiredness and high temperature. Remove any excess clothing. To cool down your skin, shower or sponge yourself using lukewarm water.

Heatstroke can develop when heat exhaustion is not treated. Symptoms include palpitations, confusion, nausea, vomiting and even unconsciousness. Heatstroke requires prompt professional medical attention as it can be life threatening.

Dehydration occurs when the normal water content of your body is reduced. Symptoms include dry mouth, thirst, clammy hands, light-headedness, and concentrated dark urine with a strong odour. Drinking lots of water slowly is the ideal way to rehydrate. To replace lost sugar drink a glass of orange juice, coca cola or a sports drink. To replace lost salt eat a packet of salty crisps or cashew nuts (if you are not allergic to nuts).

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